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Obesity Rates


Obesity occurs when somebody is carrying too much body fat for their height and sex.   A person is considered obese if they have a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater. Morbid obesity is when somebody has a BMI exceeding 40. Sufferers will frequently suffer from breathlessness, excessive sweating and joint pain. Additional health worries can range from heart disease to breast cancer. Lack of exercise is the most common cause of obesity, but there are other causes as well, including some disorders of the thyroid gland. In most cases, the only treatment needed is a reduction in calories and increased exercise. 
Today’s way of life is less physically active than it used to be.  People travel on buses and cars, rather than walking, and many people work in offices, where they are sitting still for most of the day. This means that the calories they eat are not getting burnt off as energy. Instead, the extra calories are stored as fat. Overtime, eating excess calories leads to weight gain. Without lifestyle changes to increase the amount of physical activity done on a daily basis, or reduce the amount of calories consumed, people can become obese.
·         NHS to spend in excess of £6 Billion by 2015 on Obese related illnesses.
·         Obesity rates up 40% from last year (2010 to 2011).
·         27 million people classed as being overweight.
·         Obesity in children is higher than ever before.
How common is obesity?
Obesity levels in England are increasing every year.  In 2009, almost a quarter of adults 22% of men and 24% of women aged 16 or over in England were classified as obese (BMI over 30). Just under a third of women, 32%, were overweight (a BMI of 25-30), and 42% of men.
Around three in ten boys and girls aged 2 to 15 were classed as either overweight or obese which is very similar to the 2008 findings where one in six boys and one in seven girls in England were obese. The number of overweight children was also around one in seven.
There is also a significant burden on the NHS caused by obesity an estimated £4.2 billion per year and forecast to more than double by 2050 if we carry on as we are.
The Future
Obesity can cause a number of health problems, such as type 2 diabetes (a condition caused by too much glucose in the blood), and heart disease (when the hearts blood supply is blocked).  
Being overweight or obese can also shorten life expectancy and in obese adults over 40 years of age, obesity can shorten life expectancy by as much as 6-7 years.
Obesity is treated by losing weight, which can be achieved through a healthy, calorie-controlled diet and increased exercise.
What can we do about it?
We can start by introducing healthier projects into Schools and other Community Networks to highlight the benefits of eating a healthier diet and way of life through developing Garden Areas in which to grow fresh Fruit and Vegetables which can be accessed by all.
By doing this we will provide the LIFE SKILLS and KNOWLEDGE for them to take forward and for the rest of their lives. Without providing these types of facilities and knowledge, the children of today will become another statistic of tomorrow.
We need to protect the future of ourselves as well as our children and to take control of our own destiny and health issues, whilst also taking the strain off the NHS to be able to concentrate on other health issues.
At Dig It Projects we believe that we can help address these issues by developing Growing Area s and providing the necessary training and knowledge to combat current obesity rates.